Hand Surgery

Hand surgery encompasses a broad range of surgical procedures aimed at treating conditions and injuries affecting the hands, wrists, and upper extremities. The hands are complex structures composed of bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerves, and blood vessels, all of which are essential for performing a wide range of activities of daily living.

Common reasons for hand surgery include fractures, tendon injuries, nerve compression syndromes (such as carpal tunnel syndrome), arthritis, congenital anomalies, and soft tissue injuries (such as lacerations or burns). Hand surgeons are specially trained to diagnose and treat these conditions using both surgical and non-surgical approaches.

Surgical procedures for hand conditions may include fracture repair, tendon repair or reconstruction, nerve decompression, joint replacement or fusion, soft tissue reconstruction, and microsurgery for complex injuries or replantation of amputated digits.

The goals of hand surgery are to restore function, relieve pain, and improve aesthetics to optimize hand function and quality of life. Depending on the specific condition, surgery may be performed as an elective procedure or as an emergency intervention to prevent further damage or loss of function.

Patients undergoing hand surgery may require postoperative rehabilitation, including physical therapy, occupational therapy, and specialized hand therapy to regain strength, mobility, and dexterity. Hand surgeons work closely with rehabilitation specialists to develop customized treatment plans tailored to each patient’s unique needs and goals.