Head & Neck Contractures

Head and neck contractures are abnormal tightening and shortening of the skin, muscles, or tissues in the head and neck region, often resulting from burn injuries, trauma, or scarring. Contractures can restrict movement, cause discomfort, and affect aesthetics, leading to functional impairments and psychosocial challenges.

Head and neck contractures may develop following burn injuries to the face, neck, or scalp, as scar tissue forms and tightens over time. These contractures can limit the ability to open the mouth, turn the head, or perform daily activities such as eating, speaking, and grooming.

Treatment for head and neck contractures typically involves a combination of therapies aimed at improving mobility, relieving discomfort, and restoring aesthetics. Depending on the severity of the contracture, treatment may include physical therapy, stretching exercises, splinting, or surgical intervention to release and repair the tight tissues.

Surgical procedures for head and neck contractures may involve scar release, tissue grafting, or reconstruction to restore function and appearance. Plastic surgeons specializing in head and neck reconstruction can perform intricate procedures to address contractures while preserving facial symmetry and natural contours.

Early intervention is crucial for preventing the progression of head and neck contractures and minimizing the impact on quality of life. Patients with head and neck contractures should receive comprehensive care from a multidisciplinary team of healthcare professionals, including plastic surgeons, physical therapists, and occupational therapists, to optimize outcomes and improve functional outcomes.