Post Burn Deformities

Post-burn deformities refer to structural or functional abnormalities that may develop following a burn injury. Burn injuries can result in various types of deformities, including contractures, hypertrophic scars, keloids, and functional impairments that can affect mobility, range of motion, and quality of life.

Contractures are one of the most common post-burn deformities and occur when scar tissue forms and tightens, leading to the tightening of skin and underlying tissues. Contractures can restrict movement and cause stiffness and discomfort, particularly around joints and areas of high mobility such as the hands, neck, and elbows.

Hypertrophic scars and keloids are raised, thickened scars that can develop following a burn injury, especially in individuals with a genetic predisposition to scar formation. These scars can be unsightly and may cause itching, pain, and psychological distress.

Functional impairments resulting from burn injuries can include nerve damage, muscle weakness, and joint stiffness, which can affect mobility and dexterity. Physical therapy, occupational therapy, and surgical intervention may be necessary to improve function, restore range of motion, and minimize disability.

Treating post-burn deformities often requires a multidisciplinary approach involving plastic surgeons, dermatologists, physical therapists, and other healthcare professionals. Treatment may include scar management techniques such as compression therapy, silicone gel sheets, laser therapy, and surgical revision procedures to improve aesthetics and function.

Preventing post-burn deformities begins with prompt and appropriate management of burn injuries to minimize tissue damage and scarring. Early intervention with physical therapy and rehabilitation can help prevent contractures and preserve mobility. Patients should also receive comprehensive follow-up care to monitor for complications and address any emerging deformities or functional limitations promptly.